According to statistics, approximately 80 percent of the adults in our country will develop gum disease. This condition has multiple stages, and affects much more than your mouth. For that reason, it is beneficial to detect the signs of this infection earlier rather than later. Here, we will take a look at the stages of gum disease and what your dentist in Huntington Beach can do to help you.
The most mild (and invisible) form of gum disease is gingivitis. This early stage of infection involves the uppermost layer of tissue around teeth that have accumulated plaque. Plaque is a sticky biofilm in which bacteria thrive. It adheres to enamel, usually near the gum line. As bacteria deposit acidic byproduct onto the gums, this tissue weakens and loosens its hold on teeth.
The good news about gingivitis is that it can be reversed with appropriate care. If you notice that your gums bleed when you brush and floss, you need to see us. After examining your teeth and gums, we can develop a treatment plan to keep infection from progressing into periodontitis. This may involve a deep cleaning in which, under local anesthetic, we remove built-up plaque from the areas between your gums and your teeth. Depending on your situation, we may also administer or prescribe antibiotics to inhibit infection.
Periodontitis is the more advanced form of infection that involves the periodontal tissue deeper beneath the gum line. The danger of periodontitis is that this tissue is very close to the jaw bone, which may also become involved. Should this happen, tooth loss is a very real risk. Periodontitis typically involves noticeable gum recession, inflammation, and chronic bad breath.
Our preference is to address gingivitis and periodontitis with non-surgical, minimally-invasive treatments such as scaling and root planing. Severe cases of gum disease may require deep cleaning as well as surgery or pocket reduction procedures to restore optimal structure around teeth.
Gum disease is more than a chronic oral condition, it is a persistent infection that has ties to several concerning health risks, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We are here to help you guard your oral and general health with preventive dentistry. Call (714) 848-4247 to schedule your visit with Dr. Moretta, our dentist in Huntington Beach.
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